Images from the United States Geological Survey Volcano Disaster Assistance Program's response to the Rabaul eruptions

For more information about the USGS/VDAP involvement in the Rabaul volcano crisis, visit the USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory WWW page. Also included is information on other VDAP operations and current CVO research.

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(October 1, 1994) Replacement instrumentation for Rabaul being loaded on a U.S. Air Force C-130 airport in Port Moresby

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(October 2, 1994) Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO) in foreground and Tavurvur erupting in the distance

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Tom Murray (USGS/CVO) and RVO personnel working on seismic and tiltmeter site south of Vulcan at the edge of a blowdown area.

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(October 3, 1994) Tavurvur from Kaputin Point. Tavurvur is approximately 2 kilometers away.

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Andy Lockhart (USGS/CVO), John Tibbets (PNG Department of Geology), and RVO personnel setting up a sesimic station at Kaputin Point.

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Tom Murray (USGS/CVO) and RVO personnel at the Matupit Island tiltmeter site. Tavurvur erupting in the background.

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Evening view of Tavurvur erupting from the Rabaul Volcano Observatory.

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Tavurvur on October 15, 1994, looking east. View from Royal Australian Air Force C-130 departing New Britain.

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Boat in Simpson harbor near Rabaul partially sunk in the pumice raft. The pumice raft covers several square kilometers of the northern part of the harbor and consists of pieces of pumice a few centimeters in diameter. The southeast trade winds tend to keep the raft fast to the shore at Rabaul. It is shifted by the wind and tides, and can probably be expected to blow out to sea when the monsoon comes and the wind direction reverses, unless the pieces sink first.

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Buried vehicles in southeastern part of Rabaul give an indication of ash thickness. This is one of the most heavily-affected areas of Rabaul. Tavurvur plume in the background, about 4km away.

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House and property damaged by ashfall in southeastern Rabaul. Most of the buildings had fairly flat roofs of corrugated metal.

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Southeastern Rabaul, aerial view.

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Tavurvur, 3km away, from the seismic site at Rabalanakaia. Rabaul is behind and to the right of the photographer. Ash thickness on these steep hillsides is probably greater than 1m.