Information from the Alaska Center Home Page


Community of Akutan


Community Profile

    Community Type: 2nd Class City
    Current Population: 436
    Borough Name: Aleutians East Borough
    Regional Native Corporation: Aleut Corporation
    REAA/School District: Aleutians East School District
    Latitude: 54 08' N
    Longitude: 165 46' W
    See Map of the region
    Land Area: 13 sq. mi.
    Water Area: 4 sq. mi.

    Location
    Akutan is located on Akutan Island in the eastern Aleutians, one of the Krenitzin Islands of the Fox Island group. It is 35 miles east of Unalaska, and 766 air miles southwest of Anchorage.

    History
    Akutan began in 1878 as a fur storage and trading port for the Western Fur & Trading Company. The company's agent established a commercial cod fishing and processing business that quickly attracted nearby Aleuts to the community. It was the only whaling station in the Aleutians from 1912 to 1942. The U.S. Government evacuated Akutan residents to the Ketchikan area in June 1942. The village was re-established after the war.

    Culture
    Akutan is primarily a non-Native fishing community, although it is home to a traditional Aleut village.

    Economy
    Commercial fishing and fish processing dominate Akutan's cash-based economy. Trident Seafoods operates a major bottomfish plant west of the City. Deep Sea Fisheries also has a permanent processing vessel in the bay. Nine residents hold commercial fishing permits. Subsistence hunting and fishing activities are minimal because the majority of residents are employed. The majority of the population lives in group quarters facilities.

    Transportation
    Boats and amphibious aircraft are the only means of transportation into Akutan. Cargo is delivered weekly by freighter from Seattle. Akutan has no airstrip, however, a seaplane base is available. Daily air service is available from nearby Unalaska.

    Climate
    Akutan lies in the maritime climate zone. Temperatures range from 22 to 55. Precipitation averages 27.5 inches per year. Storms are frequent in the winter and fog is common in the summer.

Facilities

    General Description of Facilities and Housing
    
    Percent of Houses: Total Housing Units: 34 % Lacking Complete Plumbing: 0.0% % Vacant Housing: 8.8% % Lacking Complete Kitchen: 0.0% Occupied Housing: 31 % Lacking a Telephone: 40.7% Vacant Housing: 3
    Water is supplied by local streams, is treated, and piped into homes. Trident Seafoods also operates its own water treatment facility. Sewage is piped to a community septic tank. Garbage is collected three times a week and burned in an incinerator. Ash is deposited in a temporary EPA-approved site, but the City does not have a permitted landfill. Funds have been provided to develop a landfill and purchase a larger incinerator. The City recycles aluminum. In Sept. 1993, Akutan completed a self-contained hydroturbine electric generator, backed by diesel in the same module. This hydroelectric generator is a model _ the first of its kind. The system is monitored 24 hours a day by a computer in Anchorage; the computer was funded by the Alaska Science and Technology Foundation.

    Water Systems
    
    Percent of Houses Using: Individual Well Water: 0.0% Public Water System: 100.0% Other Water Source: 0.0% or source (piped or hauled (Spring, creek, river, from a central tap) cistern, etc.)

    Sewage System and Refuse
    
    Percent of Houses Using: Septic Tank/Cesspool: 0.0% Public Sewer System: 100.0% Other Disposal: 0.0%

    Heating Methods, Electrical Utility and Fuel Facilities
    
    Percent of Houses Heating with: Utility (piped) Gas: 0.0% Electricity: 0.0% Coal or Coke: 0.0% Fuel Oil, Kerosene: 100.0% Solar Energy: 0.0% Wood: 0.0% Other Fuel: 0.0% Bottled, Tank or LP Gas: 0.0% No Fuel Used: 0.0% Power Source: Hydro; Diesel backup Electrical Utility Name:

    Bulk Fuel Facilities:
    Heating fuel (bulk fuel) is available. Known bulk fuel tank farms include: 16.5.
    Health Facilities
    
    Regional Native Health Organization: Eastern Aleutian Tribe Local Health Clinic: Anesia Kudrin Memorial Clinic Clinic Owner: City Clinic is leased: True by Public Health Service Year built: 1991 Running Water Available: True Flush Toilets Available: True Contact: Nancy Walch-Robart Clinic Phone: 698-2208 Clinic Status:
    Alternative Care:

    Comments: Eastern Aleutian Tribe

    Communication Facilities
    
    Local/In-State Phone Utility: Pacific Telecommunications Inc. Long-Distance Phone Utility: Alascom Teleconferencing Services: Alaska Teleconferencing Network TV Reception / Stations: ARCS Programming Cable TV Utility: Community Radio Stations:

U.S. Census

    Population Characteristics
    
    Total Population: 589 American Indian: 8 Male: 449 Eskimo: 0 Female: 140 Aleut: 72 Native: 80 Caucasian: 227 % Native: 13.6% African American: 6 Non-Native: 509 Asian/Pac Islands: 247 Other Ethnic: 29 Persons in Institutions: 0 Persons in Group Quarters: 501 Persons in Owned Units: 80 Persons in Rented Units: 8 Housing Characteristics
    Total Housing Units: 34 Owner Occupied: 27 Occupied Housing: 31 Median Value Owned Homes: $81,300 Vacant Housing: 3 Renter Occupied: 4 Median Rent Payed: $99 Structure types Single Family: 32 Single Family Attached: 0 10 to 19 Units: 0 Duplex: 0 20 plus Units: 0 3 or 4 Units: 1 Trailers/Mobile Homes: 0 5 to 9 Units: 1 Boats/Other Types: 0 Household Relationships and Income
    Occupied Households: 31 Family Households: 19 Avg. Persons per House: 2.84 Non-Related Households: 12
    Note: The following household income information is based on 1990 U.S. Census sample data. The figures are estimates, subject to sample varaibility. The percent of all households sampled in this community or area was: 47.1%.
      Median Household Income: $27,813    Percent below Poverty:   16.6%
         Median Family Income: $31,875    Persons below Poverty:     100
    
    Family Household Income Less than $10,000: 0 $60,000 - $74,999: 2 $10,000 - $19,999: 4 $75,000 - $99,999: 1 $20,000 - $29,999: 2 $100,000 - $125,000: 0 $30,000 - $39,999: 4 $125,000 - $149,000: 0 $40,000 - $49,999: 2 Over $150,000: 0 $50,000 - $59,999: 0

Economy and Employment

    Description of Economy
    Commercial fishing and fish processing dominate Akutan's cash-based economy. Trident Seafoods operates a major bottomfish plant west of the City. Deep Sea Fisheries also has a permanent processing vessel in the bay. Nine residents hold commercial fishing permits. Subsistence hunting and fishing activities are minimal because the majority of residents are employed. The majority of the population lives in group quarters facilities.

        Employment                    Class of Employment
    
    Total Workforce (16+): 527 Private Sector: 408 Armed Forces: 0 Local Government: 22 Civilian Employed: ??? State Government: 0 Persons Unemployed: 2 Federal Government: 97 Percent Unemployed: 0.3% Self Employed: ??? Not in Labor Force: 40 Unpaid Family Worker: ??? % Adults Not in Labor Force: 7.0% Occupations Industries
    Executive/Administrator: 33 Forestry/Fishing/Farming: 15 Professional Specialty: 2 Mining: 0 Technician: 1 Construction: 5 Sales: 2 Non-Durable Manufacturing: 378 Administrative Support: 23 Durable Manufacturing: 0 Private Household: 0 Transportation: 46 Protective Service: 2 Communications/Utilities: 9 Other Professional Service: 47 Wholesale Trade: 2 Forestry/Fishing/Farming: 19 Retail Trade: 14 Precision Craft or Repair: 80 Finance/Insur./Real Estate: 0 Machine Operators: 194 Business& Repair Service: 2 Transportation or Materials: 36 Personal Services: 0 Handler/Equipment/Labor: 88 Entertainment/Recreation: 2 Health Services: 0 Education Services: 19 Other Professional Services: 10 Public Administration: 25

Schools

    Akutan School (P thru 12) - District: Aleutians East Borough School District
    Students: 22 Staff: 3
    Comments:

Rural Businesses

    Dockside Native Store - Misc. Retail Stores - Specific SIC: 5999

    Frank's Cab - Local Transit / Passenger Transport - Specific SIC: 4119

    Grab-A-Dab Cafe - Eating Places - Specific SIC: 5812

    Pelkey's Dive Service - Business Services - Specific SIC: 7389

Contacts


    Type of Organization: City Contact Title: Mayor Contact Name: Joe Bereskin Organization Name: City of Akutan Mailing Address: P.O. Box 109 Akutan, , AK 99553 Phone: 907-698-2228 FAX: 907-698-2202 Comments: Anchorage Office: 1600 A Street #103, Anchorage, AK 99501-5746 (274-7555)

    Type of Organization: Village Corporation Contact Title: Director Contact Name: Joseph Bereskin Organization Name: Akutan Corporation Mailing Address: General Delivery Akutan, , AK 99553 Phone: 907-698-2206 FAX: 907-698-2207 Comments:

    Type of Organization: Village Council Contact Title: President Contact Name: Jacob Stepetin Organization Name: Native Village of Akutan Mailing Address: P.O. Box 89 Akutan, , AK 99553 Phone: 907-698-2228 FAX: 907-698-2301 Comments: BIA-Recognized Traditional Council

Rural Grants

Type of Grant / Source          Year        Amount  Status / Project Purpose

Dept of Admin/Capital Matching FY 95 $25,000 Preliminary. Erosion Control
Dept of Admin/Capital Matching FY 96 $25,000 Preliminary. Multi-Purpose Community Building Construction
Dept of Admin/Legislative FY 94 $100,000 Preliminary. Seaplane Ramp
Dept of Environmental Cons FY 96 $100,000 Preliminary. Incinerator/Landfill
Dept of Transportation & PF FY 94 $95,000 Construction. Boardwalk
Dept of Transportation & PF FY 95 $190,000 Construction. Seaplane Base
U.S. Housing & Urban Developmt FY 92 $1,082,367 Construction. Construct 8 Housing Units
U.S. Housing & Urban Developmt FY 94 $158,962 Preliminary. Housing Modernization
U.S. Housing & Urban Developmt FY 95 $10,000 Preliminary. Housing Modernization
U.S. Housing & Urban Developmt FY 95 $88,000 Construction. Housing Modernization
U.S. Housing & Urban Developmt FY 96 $15,600 Construction. Housing Modernization