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|Geology of Utah National Parks Syllabus|
|Field Location: Gateway, Colorado.
Geologic Feature: Gateway Fan.
Necessary Background Information: None
Geologic Problem: What is the origin of the Gateway Fan?
Rock Units Exposed: Pennsylvanian to Permian coarse clastics shed from the Uncompahgre Uplift.
Skills: Analysis of clastic sedimentary rocks (grain size, composition, depositional environment, flow characteristics), introduction to use of Brunton. Continue use of topographic maps. Refine methods for planning a field study.
Other Questions to Consider: 1) What is the source of the rock that makes up the Gateway Fan? 2) How does the character of beds within the fan change with distance from the Uncompahgre? 3) What process or processes were responsible for deposition of the rocks adjacent to the Uncompahgre? 4) How do the light red and purple layers differ from one another near the town of Gateway? Do they contain different sizes of grains? Do they contain different sedimentary structures? 5) Which sedimentary structures give information about the direction of flow of the fluid that formed the structures? What directions of flow are indicated by the different sedimentary structures?
Anticipated Outcomes: Identify cross lamination, cross bedding, pebble imbrication, mudcracks, sole marks, and fluvial, mudflow and debris flow deposits. Use a Brunton to determine paleocurrent orientations. Plot data on topographic maps. Develop a plan for a field study.